اپن بایت

اپن بایت

اپن بایت : عدم تماس همه یا تعدادی از دندان های قدامی یا خلفی در هنگامیکه بقیه دندان های بیمار را روی هم قرار دارند.  که بر دو نوع است:

·     اپن بایت قدامی: فقدان همپوشاني عمودي ثناياهاي بالا بر روي ثناياي پايين است. در این حالت هنگامي كه دندان‌هاي خلفي بر روي هم قرار مي‌گيرند، دندانهاي قدامي به هم نمي‌رسند.

·         اپن بایت خلفی: عدم تماس دندان های خلفی، هنگامی که دندان های قدامی با هم در تماس هستند.

تصویر زیر بیمار مبتلا به اپن بایت قدامی را نشان می دهد. این افراد اگر در سنین قبل از 11 تا 12 سالگی شناخته شوند با درمان های ساده ممکن است درمان شوند. اما انواع شدید در سنین بعد از بلوغ جهت درمان معمولا نیازمند جراحی فک می باشند.

 از علل مهم ایجاد اپن بایت قدامی عادت مکیدن انگشت و همچنین موقعیت نامناسب زبان است.download (1)

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